Englishvit.com - Seringkali saat belajar bahasa Inggris, kita merasa sulit memahami kata kerja yang terdiri dari dua atau tiga verb seperti: go after, go away, go back, etc. Kata-kata tersebut dinamakan phrasal verb. Selain bentuk atau susunan kata yang sangat mirip, artinya pun bervariasi.

Contohnya: “go after” (mengikuti), “go away” (pergi), “go back” (pulang), “go by” (berlalu), “go on” (berlangsung), “go out” (keluar), etc.

Dalam artikel kali ini, kita berikan beberapa phrasal verbs yang sering digunakan beserta arti dan contohnya sehingga kamu tidak lagi bingung menggunakannya.

1. Ask somebody out

Artinya: Mengajak seseorang keluar

Contoh: Brian asked Judy out to dinner and a movie.

2. Ask around

Artinya: Menanyakan pertanyaan yang sama kepada banyak orang

Contoh: I asked around but nobody has seen my wallet.

3. Back something up

Artinya: Membalikkan

Contoh: You'll have to back up your car so that I can get out.

4. Back somebody up

Artinya: Mendukung

Contoh: My wife backed me up over my decision to quit my job.

5. Blow up

Artinya: Meledak

Contoh: Rebels attempted to blow up the bridge.

6. Blow something up

Artinya: Menambahkan udara

Contoh: We have to blow 50 balloons up for the party.

7. Break down

Artinya: Rusak

Contoh: Our car broke down at the side of the highway in the snowstorm.

8. Break up

Artinya: Memutus hubungan

Contoh: My girlfriend and I broke up before I moved to Yogyakarta.

9. Break out

Artinya: Kabur

Contoh: The prisoners broke out of jail when the guards weren't looking.

10. Bring something up

Artinya: Muntah

Contoh: He drank so much that he brought his dinner up in the toilet.

 11. Call somebody back

Artinya: Telpon balik

Contoh: I called the company back but the offices were closed for the weekend.

12. Call something off

Artinya: Membatalkan

Contoh: Jason called the wedding off because he wasn't in love with his fiancé.

13. Call on somebody

Artinya: Mengunjungi seseorang

Contoh: We called on you last night but you weren't home.

14. Call somebody up

Artinya: Menelpon

Contoh: Give me your phone number and I will call you up when we are in town.

15. Calm down

Artinya: Menenangkan diri

Contoh: You are still mad. You need to calm down before you drive the car.

16. Chip in

Artinya: Membantu

Contoh: If everyone chips in we can get the kitchen painted by noon.

17. Clean something up

Artinya: Merapikan/membersihkan

Contoh: Please clean up your bedroom before you go outside.

18. Come from some place

Artinya: berasal dari

Contoh: The art of origami comes from Asia.

19. Count on somebody/ something

Artinya: Mengandalkan

Contoh: I am counting on you to make dinner while I am out.

20. Do something up

Artinya: Mengencangkan

Contoh: Do your coat up before you go outside. It's snowing!

21. Dress up

Artinya: Mengenakan pakaian yang bagus

Contoh: It's a fancy restaurant so we have to dress up.

21. Drop somebody/ something off

Artinya: Mengantar

Contoh: I have to drop my sister off at work before I come over.

22. Eat out

Artinya: Makan di luar

Contoh: I don't feel like cooking tonight. Let's eat out.

23. End up

Artinya: Memutuskan

Contoh: We ended up renting a movie instead of going to the theatre.

24. Fall down

Artinya: Jatuh

Contoh: The picture that you hung up last night fell down this morning.

25. Fall out

Artinya: Rontok

Contoh: His hair started to fall out when he was only 35.

26. Figure something out

Artinya: Mencari tahu

Contoh: I need to figure out how to fit the piano and the bookshelf in this room.

27. Fill something in

Artinya: Mengisi

Contoh: Please fill in the form with your name, address, and phone number.

28. Fill something up

Artinya: Memenuhi

Contoh: I always fill the water jug up when it is empty.

29. Find out

Artinya: Menemukan

Contoh: We don't know where he lives. How can we find out?

30. Find something out

Artinya: Menemukan

Contoh: We tried to keep the time of the party a secret, but Samantha found it out.

31. Get something across/ over

Artinya: Berkomunikasi

Contoh: I tried to get my point across/over to the judge but she wouldn't listen.

32. Get away

Artinya: Berlibur

Contoh: We worked so hard this year that we had to get away for a week.

33. Get back

Artinya: Kembali

Contoh: We got back from our vacation last week.

34. Get something back

Artinya: Mendapatkan kembali

Contoh: Liz finally got her Science notes back from my room-mate.

35. Get back at somebody

Artinya: Membalas dendam

Contoh: My sister got back at me for stealing her shoes. She stole my favourite hat.

36. Get back into something

Artinya: Kembali tertarik

Contoh: I finally got back into my novel and finished it.

37. Get over something

Artinya: Sembuh

Contoh: I just got over the flu and now my sister has it.

38. Get over something

Artinya: Menangani

Contoh: The company will have to close if it can't get over the new regulations.    

39. Get up

Artinya: Bangun

Contoh: I got up early today to study for my exam.

40. Get up

Artinya: Berdiri

Contoh: You should get up and give the elderly man your seat.

41. Give something back

Artinya: Mengembalikan

Contoh: I have to give these skates back to Franz before his hockey game.

42. Give in

Artinya: Mengalah

Contoh: My boyfriend didn't want to go to the ballet, but he finally gave in.

43. Give something up

Artinya: Berhenti

Contoh: I am giving up smoking as of January 1st.

44. Give up

Artinya: Menyerah

Contoh: My maths homework was too difficult so I gave up.

45. Go after somebody

Artinya: Membuntuti seseorang

Contoh: My brother tried to go after the thief in his car.

46. Go against somebody

Artinya: Melawan

Contoh: We are going against the best soccer team in the city tonight.

47. Go back

Artinya: Kembali

Contoh: I have to go back home and get my lunch.

48. Go out

Artinya: Keluar

Contoh: We're going out for dinner tonight.

49. Go out with somebody

Artinya: Kencan

Contoh: Jesse has been going out with Luke since they met last winter.

50. Go over something

Artinya: Mengulas kembali

Contoh: Please go over your answers before you submit your test.

51. Grow up

Artinya: Tumbuh dewasa

Contoh: When Jack grows up he wants to be a fireman.

52. Hand something down

Artinya: Memberikan

Contoh: I handed my old comic books down to my little cousin.

53. Hand something in

Artinya: Mengumpulkan

Contoh: I have to hand in my essay by Friday.

54. Hang up

Artinya: Mengakhiri panggilan

Contoh: He didn't say goodbye before he hung up.

55. Hold something back

Artinya: Menyembunyikan perasaan

Contoh: Jamie held back his tears at his grandfather's funeral.

56. Hold on

Artinya: Menunggu sejenak

Contoh: Please hold on while I transfer you to the Sales Department.

57. Hold somebody/ something up

Artinya: Merampok

Contoh: A man in a black mask held the bank up this morning.

58. Keep on doing something

Artinya: Terus melakukan sesuatu

Contoh: Keep on stirring until the liquid comes to a boil.

59. Let somebody down

Artinya: Mengecewakan

Contoh: I need you to be on time. Don't let me down this time.

60. Look after somebody/ something

Artinya: Merawat

Contoh: I have to look after my sick grandmother.

61. Look down on somebody

Artinya: Memandang rendah

Contoh: Ever since we stole that chocolate bar your dad has looked down on me.

62. Look for somebody/ something

Artinya: Mencari

Contoh: I'm looking for a red dress for the wedding.

63. Look out

Artinya: Awas! Hati-hati!

Contoh: Look out! That car's going to hit you!

64. Look something over

Artinya: Memeriksa

Contoh: Can you look over my essay for spelling mistakes?

65. Look something up

Artinya: Mencari informasi

Contoh: We can look her phone number up on the Internet.

66. Look up to somebody

Artinya: Menghormati

Contoh: My little sister has always looked up to me.

67. Make something up

Artinya: Mengada-ada

Contoh: Josie made up a story about why we were late.

68. Make up

Artinya: Saling memaafkan

Contoh: We were angry last night, but we made up at breakfast.

69. Make somebody up

Artinya: Merias

Contoh: My sisters made me up for my graduation party.

70. Pass away

Artinya: Meninggal

Contoh: His uncle passed away last night after a long illness.

71. Pass out

Artinya: Pingsan

Contoh: It was so hot in the church that an elderly lady passed out.

72. Pass something out

Artinya: Bagi-bagi

Contoh: The professor passed the textbooks out before class.

73. Pass something up

Artinya: Menolak

Contoh: I passed up the job because I am afraid of change.

74. Pay somebody back

Artinya: Membayar utang

Contoh: Thanks for buying my ticket. I'll pay you back on Friday.

75. Pay for something

Artinya: Menerima hukuman

Contoh: That bully will pay for being mean to my little brother.

76. Pick something out

Artinya: Memilih

Contoh: I picked out three sweaters for you to try on.

77. Put something down

Artinya: Meletakkan

Contoh: You can put the groceries down on the kitchen counter.

78. Put somebody down

Artinya: Mencerca

Contoh: The students put the substitute teacher down because his pants were too short.

79. Put something off

Artinya: Menunda

Contoh: We are putting off our trip until January because of the hurricane.

80. Put something out

Artinya: Memadamkan

Contoh: The neighbours put the fire out before the firemen arrived.

81. Put something on

Artinya: Mengenakan

Contoh: Don't forget to put on your new earrings for the party.

82. Run into somebody/ something

Artinya: Kebetulan berjumpa

Contoh: I ran into an old school-friend at the mall.

83. Run over somebody/ something

Artinya: Melindas

Contoh: I accidentally ran over your bicycle in the driveway.

84. Run away

Artinya: Kabur

Contoh: The child ran away from home and has been missing for three days.

85. Run out

Artinya: Kehabisan

Contoh: We ran out of shampoo so I had to wash my hair with soap.

86. Set something up

Artinya: Mengatur

Contoh: Our boss set a meeting up with the president of the company.

87. Set somebody up

Artinya: Menjebak

Contoh: The police set up the car thief by using a hidden camera.

88. Show off

Artinya: Pamer

Contoh: He always shows off on his skateboard

89. Switch something off

Artinya: Mematikan

Contoh: The light's too bright. Could you switch it off.

90. Switch something on

Artinya: We heard the news as soon as we switched on the car radio.

91. Take after somebody

Artinya: Menyerupai

Contoh: I take after my mother. We are both impatient.

92. Take something back

Artinya: Mengembalikan sesuatu

Contoh: I have to take our new TV back because it doesn't work.

93. Take off

Artinya: Lepas landas

Contoh: My plane takes off in five minutes.

94. Take something off

Artinya: Melepaskan

Contoh: Take off your socks and shoes and come in the lake!

95. Tear something up

Artinya: Merobek

Contoh: I tore up my ex-boyfriend's letters and gave them back to him.

96. Think back

Artinya: Mengigat/Memikirkan kembali

Contoh: When I think back on my youth, I wish I had studied harder.

97. Think something over

Artinya: Mempertimbangkan

Contoh: I'll have to think this job offer over before I make my final decision.

98. Throw something away

Artinya: Membuang

Contoh: We threw our old furniture away when we won the lottery.

99. Turn something down

Artinya: Mengecilkan volume

Contoh: Please turn the TV down while the guests are here.

100. Turn something down

Artinya: Menolak

Contoh: I turned the job down because I don't want to move.

101. Turn something off

Artinya: Mematikan

Contoh: Your mother wants you to turn the TV off and come for dinner.

102. Turn something on

Artinya: Menyalakan

Contoh: It's too dark in here. Let's turn some lights on.

103: Turn something up

Artinya: Membesarkan volume

Contoh: Can you turn the music up? This is my favourite song.

104. Turn up

Artinya: Muncul tiba-tiba

Contoh: Our cat turned up after we put posters up all over the neighbourhood.

105. Try something out

Artinya: Mencoba

Contoh: I am going to try this new brand of detergent out.

106. Wake up

Artinya: Bangun tidur

Contoh: We have to wake up early for work on Monday.

107. Warm up

Artinya: Melakukan pemanasan

Contoh: I always warm up by doing sit-ups before I go for a run.

108. Wear off

Artinya: Luntur

Contoh: Most of my make-up wore off before I got to the party.

109. Work out

Artinya: Olahraga

Contoh: I work out at the gym three times a week.

110. Work out

Artinya: Berhasil

Contoh: Our plan worked out fine.

111. Work something out

Artinya: Menghitung

Contoh: We have to work out the total cost before we buy the house.

Itulah tadi 111 phrasal verb beserta arti dan contohnya dalam kalimat. Semoga kamu tidak bingung lagi dalam menggunakannya saat speaking maupun writing. Kalau kamu menemukan phrasal verb lainnya, silahkan ditulis di kolom komentar ya! Cheers!